Periodontics is a specialized area of dentistry that focuses on the health of the tissues supporting and surrounding the teeth. A dentist or periodontist works with patients on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the gums, bone, and ligaments in the jaw.
Periodontal disease is mainly caused by plaque, the sticky bacteria that form on the teeth. Without proper oral hygiene, this plaque can cause infection in the gums, bones, and tissues. In addition to poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease may be caused by diseases that suppress the immune system, genetic predisposition, tobacco use, and certain medications. Left untreated, periodontitis can cause tooth loss.
Regular twice yearly visits to your dentist will aid in the early detection and treatment of periodontal disease.
Gingivoplasty is a procedure for reshaping the gum around the tooth. It may be referred to as gingival contouring or gingival sculpting. It is sometimes performed for cosmetic reasons, but more often it is used to treat complications from poor oral hygiene practices. Gum pockets and exposed tooth roots (receding gums) are examples of these conditions.
Gingivoplasty is performed after a professional cleaning. A local anesthetic is provided for comfort. A laser is used, which is the fastest, safest, least intrusive means of sculpting the gum tissue. The procedure will likely take only a few minutes. A soft dressing is applied to protect the area during healing. Pain medications and a prescription mouthwash may be provided.